The 6 Main Causes of Headaches and What to do about them

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There are many different causes of headaches, and it can be difficult to determine what is causing yours. However, there are some common causes of headaches that you may want to consider.

One common cause of headaches is stress. Stress can lead to tension headaches when you are under a lot of stress. These headaches are often described as dull, throbbing pain. If you are experiencing stress headaches, you may want to try relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation.

Another common cause of headaches is dehydration. When you are not getting enough fluids, it can lead to headaches. Be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day to avoid dehydration.

If you are experiencing headaches regularly, it is important to see a doctor to rule out any underlying medical conditions. Migraines, for example, are a type of headache that various factors can cause. If you are experiencing migraines, your doctor may prescribe medication to help prevent them.

Headache is a common complaint in everyday conversations and doctors offices, and there are many types of pain. It interferes with productivity at work, social relationships and, of course, the quality of life.

Most headache causes are benign, meaning they are unrelated to the disease. In other situations, they occur because of a pre-existing condition, such as high blood pressure and sinusitis. A headache occurs when the nerves, muscles, and blood vessels in the head and neck region send out inflammation signals, creating pain. Several triggers can

Causes of Headaches

activate these painful signals, such as strong smells, stress, fatty foods, hormonal changes and even some genes present in the family. It can be difficult to identify the causes of your pain, so its important to focus on what happens throughout your day to discover the triggers and avoid them. To help you with this challenge, well introduce you to the main causes of headaches and what you can do to eliminate this discomfort.

Causes of Headaches:

  1. Chronic stress. A headache is often the result of chronic stress. When youre under pressure, your body produces hormones that cause headaches.
  2. Poor neck alignment. When your head is improperly aligned, it can create tension in your neck and head muscles. This tension can lead to headaches.
  3. Obstructed blood flow. An obstruction causes many headaches in the blood flow to the brain. This can be due to a thyroid problem, a blood clot, or a congenital disability in the skull.
  4. Heavy drinking. Drinking alcohol can increase the risk of headaches, especially if youre prone to them otherwise. Alcohol also dehydrates your body and has been specifically linked to migraines in women.
  5. Poor vision habits. Headache pain is often related to poor vision habits, such as reading in low light or wearing prescription eyeglasses that distort your vision.

6 . Problems with the sinuses. Problems

Common Causes of Headaches Foods

Many things can contribute to headaches, but some main causes are dehydration, stress, and dietary indiscretions. One of the quickest ways to relieve a headache is to drink plenty of water. Dehydration can cause headaches because it narrows the blood vessels in the brain. Stressed people also tend to have more headaches because stress tends to increase blood pressure and inflammation. Finally, eating foods high in sugar or caffeine can also lead to headaches.

There are several simple steps that you can take to prevent or reduce your chances of getting a headache. If you know youre going to have a busy day at work, try to schedule some time for yourself in the evening to relax and relieve your headache. Additionally, include plenty of fruits and vegetables in your diet, as these contain nutrients that can help prevent headaches.

Preventing further headaches

Headaches are one of the most common problems worldwide and can be very frustrating. Several factors can lead to headaches, and it cannot be easy to prevent them from occurring in the future. One of the best ways to prevent headaches is to keep your head healthy. Make sure you get enough exercise and eat a balanced diet. Avoid drinking too much alcohol and caffeine, which can contribute to headaches.

Additionally, make sure you dont stress out about your headaches. Sometimes stress can trigger headaches. Try to relax and take things easy when you have a headache. See a doctor or neurologist for additional advice if that doesnt work.

Headache: main causes and what to do


Stress makes the body go into a fight-or-flight state, making you react quickly to danger. The heart speeds up, breathing becomes shorter, pressure increases, and high adrenaline levels in the blood. But when this response is continuous and without real danger, stress can cause or worsen the headache. The muscles in the back, shoulders and neck become tense, causing the sensation of pain.

What to do

  • Stretching, yoga or meditation;
  • Take a warm bath as it helps to relax your muscles;
  • Practising a pleasurable physical activity;
  • Correct posture to reduce pressure on the muscles of the neck and head; chiropractic care can help with this correction;
  • Massage the temples and shoulders in a rotating motion with light pressure;
  • Apply cold or warm compresses to the pain site for 20 minutes.

2-heat and dehydration

As the temperature increases, it is common to experience headaches more often. Greater exposure to the sun, stuffy environments and excessive sweating are the perfect combinations for dehydration. Loss of water through sweating without proper replacement by ingesting fluids causes dehydration headaches.

What to do

  • Drinking water: use the volume of 35 mL of water for each kilogram of body weight as a reference. If you are physically active, calculate 50 mL for every kilogram.
  • Wear clothes with light fabrics and lighter colours;
  • Decrease sun exposure with the use of caps and hats;
  • Cool your head with cold water compresses.

3-PMS and menopause

Many women experience headaches during PMS, usually two days before menstruation. Sometimes this pain lasts until the first three days of the menstrual period. During menopause, women also face this problem because the regular cycle is interrupted. This type of headache is known as menstrual migraine and is related to a drop in estrogen levels, a female hormone.

What to do

  • Eat smaller portions and more often. Very long periods of fasting trigger the headache;
  • Avoid foods rich in salt, fat and sugar, as they retain water in the body, increasing swelling;
  • Consume diuretic fruits: watermelon, pineapple, melon and pear;
  • Avoid coffee and alcohol, as they can cause dehydration.
  • Consult a gynaecologist to consider using birth control pills, migraine drug treatment, and hormone replacement therapy.


In addition to the eating habits discussed above, others can cause or worsen headaches. Abstinence or excessive caffeine consumption from coffee or tea causes headaches. Another common food cause is additives in processed foods, such as monosodium glutamate and preservatives in packaged and canned foods.

What to do

  • Increase or decrease the amount of caffeine. This will depend on the cause of your pain, whether abstinence or excessive consumption.
  • Drinking a cup of coffee right at the beginning of the headache can bring quick relief, so much so that caffeine is present in some pain relievers;
  • Avoid processed foods, such as instant noodles, sausage and other embedded and canned meats;
  • Drink teas that alleviate headaches.


Sleeping little (less than 7 hours) or sleeping poorly at night, with many interruptions, can cause a headache. This pain usually comes with a feeling of pressure or heaviness in the forehead and eye area. A sleepless nights routine impairs the restoration of the body and brain function.

What to do

  • Establish a sleep routine, with a time to sleep and wake up;
  • Do not consume stimulant drinks and foods before bed, such as coffee, sodas and sweets. No alcoholic beverages or cigarettes, at least 4 hours before bedtime;
  • Make sleep hygiene. Leave the environment silent and with low light. To do this, turn off the television, computer, or cell phone and choose to read a book.

6-Strong smell, noise and bright or pulsating light

Some people are more sensitive to smells, strong or pulsating lights, and very loud sounds when they are about to have a headache. Sometimes headaches caused by these factors are accompanied by nausea.

What to do

  • Try to discover the odours that cause your pain, for example, car exhaust, perfumes, cigarettes, cleaning products, fuel;
  • Get out of the room, open the windows and breathe fresh air;
  • Look for quiet places or wear ear protection;
  • Rest in a dark environment.

7-Analgesic Abuse

Medication overuse headaches are caused by regular and prolonged use of pain relievers. Pain relievers are great for relieving occasional headaches. But if you take them for more than 15 days during the month and keep taking them for three or more months, you may suffer from painkiller abuse headaches.

What to do

  • Take your headache medicine as prescribed;
  • Contact your doctor if you need headache medication more than twice a week.

If your headaches are persistent, seek medical advice. And dont forget to comment with him about the possible causes you identified daily.


Many suffer from occasional headaches as we enter the spring and summer months. While there is no single cause for headaches, some of the most common contributing factors include stress, dehydration, lack of sleep and poor nutrition. If youre suffering from frequent headaches, its important to know what to do about them. Here are a few tips to help relieve your headache: